The Deep of the Modern.
Contemporary and Historical Art in Dialogue with Heritage
Genk, Limburg, Belgium
02.06. — 30.09.12
Curators: Cuauhtémoc Medina, Katerina Gregos and Dawn Ades
Artists & participants: Alexandrov, Grigori, Almarcegui, Lara, Amalrik, Leonid, Dmitri Babichenko & Vladimir Polkovnikov, Amorales, Carlos, Anthoine, Roger, Apóstol, Alexander, Ashington Group, The, Becher, Bernd and Hilla, Beehive Design Collective, Bevierre, Olivier, Biscotti, Rossella, Bissill, George, Boltanski, Christian, Boom, Irma & Johan Pijnappel, Brandt, Bill, Broodthaers, Marcel, Buckle, Janet, Burian, Zdeněk, Burtynsky, Edward, CINEMATEK [The Royal Belgian Film Archive], Cain, Ben, Campbell, Duncan, Cavalcanti, Alberto, Claire Fontaine, Claus, Emile, Cobb, Rev. Francis William, Cornish, Norman, Cvijanović, Nemanja, Daykin, Gilbert, Deller, Jeremy, Demuth, Charles, Durán, Manuel, Ecomusée Bois-du-Luc, Ernst, Max, Federal Police Archive Brussels, Furlan, Tomaž, Geers, Kendell, Goldin+Senneby, Granata, Rocco, Gronbach, Eva, Grubic, Igor, Habex, Jan, Hair, Thomas Harrison, Hammons, David, Harrison, Tony, van Harskamp, Nicoline, Herman, Josef, Heslop, Robert, Hüner, Emre, IRWIN, Ivens, Joris and Henri Storck, Izquierdo, Jota, Jafri, Maryam, Jitrik, Magdalena, Kaliski, Kevin, Karikis, Mikhail and Uriel Orlow, Kessels, Willy, Kilbourn, Oliver, Konrad, Aglaia, Kozakis, Nicolas and Raoul Vaneigem, van Lieshout, Erik, Long, Richard, Luce, Maximilien, Luque, Manuel, Maciá, Oswaldo, Martin, John, Masereel, Frans, Matthys, Michael, McCullin, Don, McGuinness, Tom, McPhee, Don, Meunier, Constantin, vzw Mijn-Verleden [Mijndepot Waterschei], Marge Monko, Henry Moore, Museum van de Mijnwerkerswoning [Museum of the Miner’s House], Munby, Arthur, Ni, Haifeng, Nederlands Mijnmuseum (Dutch Mine museum), Pabst, Georg Wilhelm, Pattison, Keith, Perlee Parker, Henry, Paulus de Châtelet, Pierre, Raqs Media Collective, Rittase, William, Rijksarchief (State archive), Hasselt, Belgium, Robinson, William Heath, Roumeliotis Family, Schlingelhoff, Bea, Selander, Lina, Kuai Shen, Smithson, Robert, Soi, Praneet, Stella, Joseph, Suske & Wiske [Standaard Uitgeverij], Sutherland, Graham Vivien, Thorpe, Denis, Timmermans, Ante, Tomaszewski, Yan, Toorop, Jan, Torfs, Ana, Turkish Union, Beringen, Belgium, 2012 Architects & Refunc, Vanden Eynde, Maarten, Vega Macotela, Antonio, Venet, Bernar, Vercheval, Georges, Vermeir, Katleen and Ronny Heiremans, Visible Solutions LLC, Woods, Paolo
The Deep of the Modern intended to create a complex dialogue between different layers of art and history. Its point of departure was the geographical location itself—the former coal-mining region of the Campine in north-eastern Belgium as a locus for diverse issues, both imaginary and ecological, aligned to industrial capitalism as a global phenomenon. Manifesta 9 took its cue from the previously abandoned, recently restored Waterschei mine complex in Genk. It is part of a landscape made up from the multi-layered combinations of garden cities, urban planning, factories, canals, roads and railroads built to serve the coal-mining industry throughout the 20th Century. For the first time, Manifesta took place in a single venue. One reason for this was the decision by Manifesta itself to concentrate on the content rather than the itinerary, creating opportunities for viewers to interact more thoroughly with the mediating processes.
The Deep of the Modern was developed in three sections:
Poetics of Restructuring. A section with contributions from 37 contemporary artists, exhibiting works focused on the aesthetic responses to the global “economic restructuring” of world-wide systems of production. This section was installed on the first and second floors of the main Waterschei mine building in Genk, with works interacting as directly as possible with the existing structure and the industrial ruins of its immediate surroundings. The curatorial team decided to limit the number of videos, aural projects and other time-based works, and to provide a diverse representation of contemporary artistic practice today, in terms of geography, gender and methodology.
The Age of Coal. An exhibition comprising artworks from 1800 to the early 21st Century about the history of art produced with a direct aesthetic relationship to the industrial era. This generated a new kind of Material Art History, organised around 10 thematic sections. The exhibition was made up from 80 works featuring coal as their subject—as the main fuel of industry, as a major factor in environmental change, as a fossil with significant consequences in the field of natural science, as a reference point to certain levels of working class culture, as a symbolic material for the ever-changing experience of modern life, and how coal can be seen to have affected and defined artistic production.
17 Tons. Next to the historical and contemporary art content, Manifesta 9 presented a new element: an exploration of cultural production derived from shared memory, and those traits that unify the many people influenced by coal-mining, traversing the Campine region of Limburg, and elsewhere in Europe. This exhibition was a series of collaborations between individuals and institutions who, although coming from many different disciplines and social strata, continue to activate the collective memory and to preserve both the physical and conceptual heritage of coal-mining. The title of the show refered to the well-known anthem of coal miners from around the world (16 Tons recorded by Mere Travis in 1946), the title of one of the most famous installations by Marcel Duchamp (Seventeen miles, 1942), and aimed to suggest the need to see how today, memory and artistic practices reflect and refer back to the coal-mining industry.
The publication accompanying Manifesta 9 was devised to encompass both the fragmentary and larger arguments proposed by the curators, to break from the mould of the exhibition catalogue. It suggests the form of an encyclopaedia, as a reference book and as a record of the research processes behind the biennial.
Manifesta 9 was initiated and produced by the Manifesta Foundation, the Province of Limburg and the City of Genk.
Initiators: Manifesta Foundation – Province of Limburg, Supporters: City of Genk – Vlaamse Overheid – Culture Programme EU; Education and Culture DG – Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.
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